Alfred Bernhard Nobel (October 1833 – December 1896) was a chemist, philanthropist, engineer, inventor and businessman born in Sweden. One of his most important inventions was dynamite, among other things.
He accumulated a big fortune from his many companies and enterprises. Nobel was also known for his passion for poetry and literature, his poetry was politically driven, even though none of his poems were ever published. Upon his death and after the reading of his will and testament it was revealed that most of his fortune was left in a trust, and the purpose of this was to establish what we now know as The Nobel Prizes. The Nobel Prizes are a group of international awards and are considered a recognition of academic excellence and a great contribution to many fields. He never really disclosed his real motivation for instituting these prizes and laurels, the biggest speculation is that after being condemned for profiting from the sales of arms, he bequeathed his fortune to these body of prizes. Others say that it was his love for all the fields that are represented in these prizes and his pacifist sympathies were the real reason he donated his fortune. Speculations aside, today we honor and celebrate great humankind achievements, women and men who strive to change the world significantly in order to help, entertain, please and benefit many, but also the advancement of peace. Nobel Prizes categories are physics, chemistry, economics, peace, physiology and medicine, and Literature.
Nobel of literature
This prize is one of the most anticipated in the set of Nobel prizes. Within the literature genre judges take into consideration the works of dramatist, historians, novelist, poets, and philosophers. The number of laureate poets since the awards was established back in 1901, and it’s relatively high compared to the other forms of literary expressions, the total of awarded poets is no less than 36 Nobel literature prizes.
Some of the Literature Nobel Laureates are also acknowledge for their work in drama and prose, but most of the time is the power of their poetic work that enabled them to stand out and earn them their merits. The literature Nobel prize has only been withheld in a few opportunities and it was mainly because of the disturbances during the two world wars. In other cases, the laureates have declined the prize as a mean of protest.
A Sincere Award
The most heartwarming factor about the existences of the Nobel Prizes is that their whole purpose is to acknowledge and recognize the zealous efforts of those whom exhibited a form of excellence in their field. The selections, naturally, are subjective, especially in fields like literature and peace. Nevertheless, Alfred Nobel’s vision and passion for the literature field, the significance of the expression of the poetic form and the written word, still have a great power and worth in this impersonal and digital world.
Prudhomme Sully a poet from France was the first winner of this prize. And during the 20th century other poets like Frédéric Mistral, Rudyard Kipling, Rabindranath Tagore, William Yeats, Gabriela Mistral and T.S Elliot were also laureates.