A poem can be considered a piece of the heart of the artist and therefore one of the most difficult forms of literature, implying more than just putting your thoughts and feelings on a piece of paper in a haphazard way. For this reason, major poets are well respected even though their work may sometimes be difficult to fully understand. Writing a poem is a difficult task but it is also one of the most amazing things you can do in terms of writing and expressing yourself. You may feel impelled to write a poem and put your thoughts onto paper, but perhaps you do not know all that goes into a well written poem. Here are a few of the complex aspects of poem writing, perhaps a study of these will ease your worries of writing your own.
The Task of Writing
The first challenge in writing a poem is choosing the theme, which could stem from a feeling or something you have experienced in your lifetime or simply the product of imagination. This beginning step can sometimes be the most difficult and involves consideration of our experiences and feelings and then a decision about how to use that inspiration. Once you settle on your subject you have to dissect it in your mind as it were and decide the point of view from which you want to approach it. This will constitute the style of your poem which may be happy, sad, confused and so on and will generally be in harmony with the subject to create better impact.
A major consideration when writing poetry is of course the vocabulary. The greatest poets went down in history thanks to their amazing writing skills and nuanced use of the language and avoided being drawn to an over use of clichés. We have all read or heard the same old stuff and this is why it is better to focus on using good vocabulary and to really think of every word and thought and about their meaning. Remember, in a poem, not even a comma is there accidentally, words and punctuation need to be thoughtful and placed with intent.
The rhythm of your poem is also very important and can make the difference between a happy or a dull poem or between an angry and a sad one. Thus, one of the main things you should keep in mind is combining vocabulary with the rhythm. There are many variations that can express the same feeling but be very careful as the rhythm of a poem will dictate the feeling you give to the reader and therefore give it due attention.
Use metaphors, simile and so on in order to enhance the beauty of your poem. Unlike narrative literature, poetry requires a lot of creativity and a broad vocabulary. If you intend to describe a forest you should tell the reader a bit more besides the fact that it is green, for example. Find hidden meanings and twisted understandings and enhance your work.